Global cancer deaths in 2018 to hit 10 million, despite better care

Estimates per country for the number of new cancer cases in 2018 per 100,000 people according to the World Health Organisation

Estimates per country for the number of new cancer cases in 2018 per 100,000 people according to the World Health Organisation

The World Health Organization's cancer research arm estimates there will be about 18 million new cases of cancer globally this year and more than 9 million cancer deaths.

Together, lung, breast and bowel cancer will account for a third of all new cases and deaths.

They say because of this countries need to consider tailoring how they try to prevent and treat cancer.

George Butterworth, from the charity Cancer Research UK, said: "Tobacco is the single biggest reason why more women across the world are getting lung cancer than ever before". In worldwide locations with exact economies, the more than just a few of cancers coming from poverty and infections has declined, nonetheless those linked with what researchers name diagram of life selections, equivalent to obesity and sharp, possess long gone up.

Cancers of the lung and female breast are the leading types worldwide in terms of the number of new cases; for each of these types, approximately 2.1 million diagnoses are estimated in 2018, contributing about 11.6% of the total cancer incidence burden. Almost half of the new cancer cases and more than half the cancer deaths worldwide were in Asia, home to 60% of the world's population. Lung cancer is the most deadly, with 1.8 million deaths - 18.4% of total cancer deaths for 2018, according to the report.

The researchers used data from 185 countries, looking at all the places in the body cancer can occur and taking a deeper look at 36 types.

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The Americas have 13.3 per cent of the global population and account for 21 per cent of cancer cases and 14.4 per cent of cancer deaths. Of this, 587,249 were women diagnosed with cancer.

Furthermore, it underscored that in contrast to other regions, the proportions of cancer deaths in Asia and Africa are higher than the proportions of incident cases. An aging population is also contributing to the increase, as cancer risks grow as a person ages. It estimates that for men the risk of developing cancer before the age of 75 is 46.27 per cent. Colorectal comes in second for mortality, with 881,000 deaths, and breast cancer fifth with 627,000 deaths.

With an estimated 1.8 million new cases this year, colorectal or bowel cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer, followed by prostate cancer and then stomach cancer.

Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in New Zealand, with an estimated 1758 deaths in 2018 - almost one in five. The highest incidence rates in women are seen in North America, Northern and Western Europe (notably in Denmark and The Netherlands), China, and Australia and New Zealand, with Hungary topping the list.

"These new figures highlight that much remains to be done to address the alarming rise in cancer burden globally, and prevention has a key role to play", IARC Director Christopher Wild said.

"One of the things that happens with transitions towards high levels of socio-economic development is the environment changes", says Freddie Bray, IARC's head of cancer surveillance. "Ambiance effective prevention and early detection insurance policies ought to be applied urgently to enhance therapies in justify to withhold an eye on this devastating illness across the sphere".

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