How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?

The paper, "The Moral Machine Experiment", is being published today in Nature. The massive survey has revealed some distinct global preferences about the ethics of autonomous vehicles, and is also helping to yield valuable public-opinion information to guide the development of socially acceptable AI ethics.

In a survey by MIT, the university queried millions of people about self-driving vehicles and the trolley auto problem - a dilemma that asks whose lives an autonomous vehicle should prioritize when an accident is inevitable.

Edmond Awad is the leader of the Moral Machine and found that generally people all over the world chose to save humans over animals, youth over age, law-abiders over lawbreakers, and, if possible, more lives over less lives.

The idea of robots making real-time decisions on who should live and who should die may sound far-fetched.

The Moral Machine did not use one-to-one scenarios.

"We (the public) need to agree beforehand how they should be addressed and convey our preferences to the companies that will design moral algorithms, and to the policymakers who will regulate them", Dia said.

Manufacturers of self-driving cars have faced a similar dilemma. However, there were some fascinating differences when the researchers broke the data into regions. This group also had weaker preference for sparing pedestrians.

The characters least likely to be saved were a cat, followed by a criminal, with a dog the third least likely to be spared.

"The same German rule states that any distinction based on personal features, such as age, should be prohibited", said Hussein Dia, an Associate Professor in Transport Engineering at the Swinburne University of Technology.
It will be interesting to see if autonomous vehicle programmers take results into account when determining the ethical and moral preferences of the vehicles they are working on.

Each one involved various combinations of pedestrians and passengers, the vehicle could remain on its original course or swerve into another lane.

How should autonomous vehicles be programmed?

The Moral Machine concept is the brainchild of MIT computer scientist Iyad Rahwan, Jean-Francois Bonnefon from Toulouse School of Economics and psychologist Azim Shariff from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver.

The Western region applies the most to us here in the USA, as it refers to North America and many European countries of Protestant, Catholic, and Orthodox Christian culture.

The analysis showed that ethics diverged hugely with some striking peculiarities.

Basically, the chart shows who people are most inclined to not kill.

The findings come with caveats, of course.

It also found autonomous vehicle users from France, Israel and the United Kingdom are likely to place more emphasis on sparing more lives, compared with those from Japan, China and South Korea. This cluster also includes Islamic countries. A total of 492,000 respondents offered demographic data.

While these results demonstrate the challenges of developing universally acceptable ethical principles for autonomous vehicles, the real value of this work will be in starting a global conversation about how we want these vehicles to make ethical decisions.

A spin-off of the classic trolley problem has been used by researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Media Lab in an experiment called the Moral Machine, which has been created to test how we view these moral problems in light of the emergence of self-driving cars.

"Regardless of how rare these unavoidable accidents will be, these principles should not be dictated to us based on commercial interests".

Five reasons to stop turning the clocks back
Originally, this was to contribute towards the war effort, since there was more light in the evenings. The clock changes this weekend marking the start of official winter time.

Recommended News

We are pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news.
Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere in the site or in the newspaper.
Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.