Scientists find new brain region that may be unique to humans

Ученые заявили об открытии нового участка человеческого мозга

Ученые заявили об открытии нового участка человеческого мозга

At the base of the skull, near where the brain meets the spinal cord, neuroscientists have found a previously unknown region of the brain.

This new area was first discovered when Professor Paxinos combined chemical stains with the latest imaging techniques on one of his maps of the human brain.

The Endorestiform Nucleus lies within the inferior cerebellar peduncle, a part of the brain that integrates sensory and motor information and enables refined posture, fine motor movements, and balance.

In a procedure called therapeutic anterolateral cordotomy, which is a surgery to achieve relief from incurable and extreme pain by cutting the spinal pathways, he and his team noticed that the long fibers from the spine looked as if they were ending about the location where the endorestiform nucleus was found.

"The outdoor area is a group of neurons, and this is how the island in the pond".

"It is recipient of information from the spinal cord and it probably relays this information to the cerebellum", Paxinos explained.

"I can only guess as to its function, but given the part of the brain where it has been found, it might be involved in fine motor control", says Professor Paxinos.

Ricky Jay, acclaimed magician, actor, and illusion consultant, dies at 72
A classic profile in a 1993 issue of "The New Yorker " detailed Ricky's sleight of hand mastery - specifically with card tricks. Ricky Jay , veteran magician and actor, passed away of natural causes on Saturday in Los Angeles. "He was one of a kind.

Professor Paxinos identified the region nearly 30 years before, but due to lack of better techniques, he was unable to make it clear.

Professor George Paxinos, of Neuroscience Research Australia, who found the segment commented in a statement: "The region is intriguing because it seems to be absent in the rhesus monkey and other animals that we have studied".

Paxinos had hints of the endorestiform nucleus' existence for decades.

"What is important is that this area is absent in monkeys and other animals". The endorestiform nucleus may thus be unique to humans, although it is still too early to know for sure. It could therefore aid researchers who are working towards cures for neurological conditions such as Parkinson's and motor neuron disease, the scientist said. In the future, Paxinos and colleagues plan to study the brains of chimpanzees in search of the nucleus.

And so far, the Endorestiform Nucleus appears to be unique to humans. "Now that it has been mapped, it will be possible for it to be studied by the wider research community", he added.

The finding has not yet been peer-reviewed, according to Science Alert.

Recommended News

  • Cowboys' Cooper appears to troll 76ers' Fultz with free throw TD celebration

    Cowboys' Cooper appears to troll 76ers' Fultz with free throw TD celebration

    He took to Snapchat to praise the shot as a chorus of family members and friends laughed and cheered in the background. Fultz was a good sport, posting a video of the celebration and his reaction on Instagram saying "good shot boy".
    LSU Gives Premature Gatorade Bath, Texas A&M Ties Game

    LSU Gives Premature Gatorade Bath, Texas A&M Ties Game

    It took a 50-yard field goal to grab a 34-31 lead at that point, but Texas A&M could only make a field goal of their own. However, SEC Network anchor Peter Burns clarified that the call on the field was correct since the yellow line was off.
    Global carbon dioxide levels hit a new record in 2017, UN says

    Global carbon dioxide levels hit a new record in 2017, UN says

    The rate of increase is in line with the average growth rate over the last decade, which was the fastest rate for 55 million years, the WMO said.
  • Guess What Pops Up When You Ask Siri Donald Trump's Age

    Guess What Pops Up When You Ask Siri Donald Trump's Age

    A few editors at Wikipedia reportedly vandalised the information page on Donald Trump to replace his picture with that of a penis. Apple's Siri has been providing alot of laughs since yesterday to users who did a search on US President Donald Trump.
    Cowboys ride Cooper to share of NFC East lead

    Cowboys ride Cooper to share of NFC East lead

    Redskins: First of two meetings in the final five games against the defending champion Eagles , at Philadelphia on Monday, Dec. 3. He caught eight passes for 180 yards and two touchdowns, including a spectacular 90-yard score that electrified the home crowd.
    Ten dead after boat capsizes in Lake Victoria

    Ten dead after boat capsizes in Lake Victoria

    Over 200 people were killed in a Tanzanian ferry disaster in September, with officials saying it had been dangerously overcrowded. Police reports indicate that over 50 have been rescued on the capsised boat that docked off Saturday afternoon at 4:00 pm.
  • How Dwayne Haskins, Ohio State wrecked Michigan's No. 1 defense in victory

    How Dwayne Haskins, Ohio State wrecked Michigan's No. 1 defense in victory

    MI needed to apply fast and intense pressure to rattle him, like several other Ohio State opponents have this year. Whoever walks away with the win Saturday will take on Northwestern in the Big Ten championship game next week.
    Uddhav Thackeray arrives in Ayodhya, 3,000 Sena supporters also present

    Uddhav Thackeray arrives in Ayodhya, 3,000 Sena supporters also present

    Ayodhya Municipal Corporation Mayor Rishikesh Upadhyay, however, said there was no fear or apprehension among the Muslims. The Sena chief dared the Modi government to announce a date for the construction for a temple at the disputed site.
    No regrets for attacking Ocon, Verstappen says

    No regrets for attacking Ocon, Verstappen says

    Four-time world champion Vettel has had altercations in the past with Verstappen and former teammate Mark Webber. Footage later emerged of the 21-year-old pushing Ocon at the weighing scales having exchanged furious words.
  • Oil hits lowest in a year as Opec mulls output cut

    Oil hits lowest in a year as Opec mulls output cut

    The value of a barrel of oil has fallen by about 20 per cent so far this month and has lost ground for seven straight weeks. U.S. oil benchmark West Texas Intermediate dropped $4.21 to $50.42 a barrel for January delivery, a decline of 7.7 percent.
    Eibar put three goals past disappointing Real Madrid

    Eibar put three goals past disappointing Real Madrid

    His attempt was brilliantly kept out by Courtois but Escalante managed to bundle the ball home from inside the six-yard box. Benzema, 30, is now the most experienced forward at the club as he closes in on a decade at the European champions.
    EU approves Brexit divorce deal with Britain

    EU approves Brexit divorce deal with Britain

    She plans to spend the next couple of weeks selling it to politicians and the British public before Parliament's vote in December. And the Sunday Telegraph reported several senior ministers are working on a plan B - for a Norway-style relationship with the EU.

We are pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news.
Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere in the site or in the newspaper.
Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.