Superbug to kill millions in Europe, North America and Australia till 2050

Superbugs To'Kill Millions By 2050 Unless Countries Act Warn Experts

Superbugs To'Kill Millions By 2050 Unless Countries Act Warn Experts

The new research, carried out by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), suggests drug-resistant microbes will cause the deaths of 1.3 million people in Europe, and 1.1 million in North America and Australia over the course of the next 30 years. Often called antimicrobial resistance or AMR, the problem has grown in recent years as bugs resistant to multiple drugs have developed and drugmakers have cut back investment in this field.

A separate study, published Monday in the journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases, $ 33'000 the number of deaths attributed to these bacteria by 2015 in the european Union. "The investment in a comprehensive public health program incorporating some of these measures could be amortized in only one year and would lead to a saving of $ 4.8 billion per year", says the OECD.

Tim Jinks, head of the Wellcome Trust's drug-resistant infections priority programme, said: "This new OECD report offers important insight into how simple, cost-effective surveillance, prevention and control methods could save lives globally".

"AMR costs more than the flu, more than HIV, more than tuberculosis".

In other countries the problem is significantly worse - in Italy the death rate per 100,000 people is 18.17, more than double that of the closest other nation, the United States, where the figure is 8.98.

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"Drug-resistant superbugs are on the rise worldwide and represent a fundamental threat to global health and development".

The report proposed a "five-pronged assault" on AMR, including promoting better hygiene, ending over-prescription of antibiotics, rapidly testing patients to ensure they get the right drug for infections, delaying antibiotic prescriptions and delivering mass media campaigns.

More worrisome still, "resistance to antibiotics prescribed in second-or third-line should be greater than 70% in 2030 to levels in 2005".

The report found that the problem appears to be worse in low- to middle-income countries.

"In Brazil, Indonesia and Russian Federation, between 40 and 60% of the infections are already resistant, compared with 17% on average in the OECD countries", underlines this last.

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