China’s Historic Mission To The Dark Side Of The Moon Launches Tomorrow

Here is map of the dozens of research bases on Antarctica. We are looking at the same scale of exploration and research on the moon

Here is map of the dozens of research bases on Antarctica. We are looking at the same scale of exploration and research on the moon

China is about to be the first nation to land on the dark side of the Moon.

The rover of Chang'e 4 will land on the moon in about two weeks' time.

Leonard David, a space industry expert wrote on Space.com that, "The spacecraft will also perform radio-astronomical studies that, because the far side always faces away from Earth, will be free from interference from our planet's ionosphere, human-made radio frequencies and auroral radiation noise". In addition, the model was further developed because the terrain on the far side of the Moon is much more complex. Due to the fact that the Moon's period of rotation around Earth and its rotation about its axis are identical, only one hemisphere of the Moon can be observed from Earth at any point. Currently, scientists have little information about geological and electromagnetic conditions on its far side, so the developers of the spacecraft had to solve many technical problems, including the issue of communication.

To land on the far side of the moon and oversee the mission from Earth, China launched a satellite called Queqiao back in May for the sole goal of aiding the communication between the upcoming Chang'e 4 and the China National Space Administration. Interestingly, there is a sense of secrecy surrounding the exact landing site of the rover within the 24,000km-wide crater.

Earlier this week, the Inquisitr reported that China could be launching a pioneering lunar mission over the weekend.

It's also carrying a 3 kg (6.6 lb) container of seeds and silkworm larvae to study whether they can grow on the surface of the Moon - an experiment that could have long-term implications for a lunar colony. The rover will measure the subsurface layer leveraging its ground-penetrating radar.

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In May, China launched a relay satellite called Queqiao that's now orbiting about 450,000 kilometers (280,000 miles) from Earth, where a gravitational equilibrium can be maintained so it stays on course to relay messages from the rover back to Earth.

China's first moon rover Yutu - or Jade Rabbit - explored the side of the moon facing Earth in 2013.

The mission will also characterise the "radio environment" on the far side, a test created to lay the groundwork for the creation of future radio astronomy telescopes on the far side, which is shielded from the radio noise of Earth.

"The design of the Chang'e 4 lunar rover has been improved based on the previous one, meaning it could work for at least a few years on the moon", Wu Weiren, chief designer of the CLEP, said in August.

China plans to launch a returnable spacecraft called Chang'e 5 by 2020, under the third and final phase of the plan.

If Chang'e 4 is successful, Maciel said that it could open a new avenue of astronomy in the years to come.

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