What is Geneva Convention of 1949? What does it say about PoWs?

Indian and Pakistan bonds and currencies fell

Indian and Pakistan bonds and currencies fell

The status of prisoner of war can be applicable only in an worldwide armed conflict.

Pakistan has already violated the Geneva Convention by videoing Wing Commander Abhinandan in injured and blindfolded condition.

Wing Commander Varthaman is a member of the armed forces of a Party to the conflict - being an officer of the Indian Air Force - and therefore falls within this definition of a prisoner of war.

There has been no "declaration" of war, with neither state indicating this. Earlier in the day, the Ministry of External Affairs had said that a Mig-21 had been lost while a pilot was missing after Indian forces engaged with intruding Pakistan Air Force jets, shooting one down.

The commentary on Geneva Convention III supports this proposition, noting that it "makes no difference how long the conflict lasts, how much slaughter takes place, or how numerous are the participating forces; it suffices for the armed forces of one Power to have captured adversaries falling within the scope of Article 4".

With an Indian pilot, reportedly named Indian Air Force's Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, in Pakistani custody after his plane was shot down on Wednesday, the Geneva Conventions have now come into the limelight. Gen. Asif Ghafoor, said the pilot was being treated "as per norms of military ethics".

What are the Geneva Conventions?

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VanLandingham said not that every violation of the Geneva Conventions is a war crime in itself. As such, he must be accorded all the protections available under the Geneva Conventions.

"Any unlawful act or omission by the Detaining Power causing death or seriously endangering the health of a prisoner of war in its custody is prohibited, and will be regarded as a serious breach of the present Convention". A POW must be released once hostilities between both sides end. "The Geneva Conventions indicates that it's not permitted to photograph and embarrass or humiliate prisoners of war", he said days after the invasion.

PTI reported that the rules protecting prisoners of war (POWs) are specific.

"Here, [there was] no military necessity to release the video, and presumably it was released with the intent to humiliate the captive and, thus, the state of India, and, thus, Pakistan is in violation of Article 13", she said.

"No physical or mental torture, nor any other form of coercion, may be inflicted on prisoners of war to secure from them information of any kind whatever". The goal of this internment is not to punish them but only to hinder their direct participation in hostilities. It also prohibits POWs from being intimidated and insulted and be subjected to public curiosity.

What are the rights and obligations regarding a prisoner of war under the Geneva Conventions?

With over 140 articles, the treaty lists the procedures for how prisoners are to be treated in custody as well as the judicial proceedings by which they should be tried. She has worked at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) in Geneva, and with various national institutions. "Prisoners of war who refuse to answer may not be threatened, insulted, or exposed to any unpleasant or disadvantageous treatment of any kind". "The identity of such prisoners shall be established by all possible means, subject to the provisions of the preceding paragraph".

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