Global measles cases 'up 300% year-on-year'

Doctor holds vaccine

Doctor holds vaccine

So far this year, 170 countries have reported 112,163 measles cases to WHO. If the current trend continues, the record of 667 cases set in 2014 will be eclipsed well before the end of this year.

Most of the cases have been in NY, site of an outbreak among ultra-Orthodox Jews that started in the fall.

The number of confirmed measles cases in New York City has increased to 329 since October, and according to the city's health department, the outbreak is expected to worsen over the next 3 to 5 weeks.

"Over recent months, spikes in case numbers have also occurred in countries with high overall vaccination coverage, including the United States.as well as Israel, Thailand, and Tunisia, as the disease has spread fast among clusters of unvaccinated people", the World Health Organization said. A state judge later blocked the order.

Messonier says the NY outbreak has been particularly hard to control. If the outbreaks aren't brought under control, public health experts worry that the cases in 2019 will hit a record almost two decades after measles's "elimination" in the United States. The World Health Organization reported Monday there were more than 110,000 measles cases worldwide in the first three months of 2019 - an increase of almost 300% from the same period previous year.

How measles outbreaks spread in the U.S.

. Scientists are concerned measles could return even though it was "eliminated" in the US 20 years ago. The cases were found in 20 states spanning the country. The city said those individuals who become infected with measles and chose not to get vaccinated since the mandatory order would be fined $1,000 dollars.

Trump en route to the Twin Cities for tax event
President Donald Trump delivers remarks during an event in the Roosevelt Room of the White House, April 12, 2019, in Washington. A poll released last week found that just 17 percent of Americans said they paid less under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.

In 2000, health officials announced that they had rid the country of measles.

"The overwhelming scientific evidence over many years and decades indicate that the vaccine, particularly the measles vaccine is very safe", Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, told CBSN AM earlier this year. "That's been proven. There is no association whatsoever between the measles vaccine and autism".

In January, WHO named the anti-vaccination movement among the top 10 global health threats for 2019. And that measles is far from harmless.

The CDC recommends two doses of the measles mumps and rubella, or MMR, vaccine for children.

Almost a quarter of measles patients are hospitalised with complications that can lead to disabilities, brain damage, blindness and hearing loss.

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