Global Peace Index ranks Malawi third most peaceful country in Africa

Nearly a billion people facing high exposure to climate change effects, Global Peace Index finds

Nearly a billion people facing high exposure to climate change effects, Global Peace Index finds

Peacefulness across the world has improved for the first time in five years, but it is less peaceful than a decade ago, according to a major report.

Four of the nine regions in the world improved in peacefulness in 2019: Russian Federation and Eurasia, Asia-Pacific, Europe, and MENA.

While admitting "long-term" evidence on the link between climate change and peace is "scarce", the report states that available proof "suggests that climate has played a role in triggering or exacerbating conflict through its effects on livelihood security and resource availability".

Europe is the most peaceful Region in the world, in the past year, especially a decline in the number of terrorist attacks contributed to this. It is joined at the top of the Global Peace Index (GPI) by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark. South Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq comprise the remaining five least peaceful countries, it said.

Since 2008 global peacefulness has deteriorated by 3.78 per cent, with 81 countries deteriorating and 81 improving, highlighting that deteriorations in peacefulness are generally larger than improvements.

After ranking 163 independent states and territories, the newly released edition of the Global Peace Index has found that an improvement in global peacefulness.

Steve Killelea, the founder and chief executive of the IEP, told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) on Wednesday that the top nine countries facing the highest risk were all in Asia, with the Philippines at the top of the list.

Nadal celebrates with ball kids in Paris
After Madrid and Barcelona, I was thinking about what I needed to do. "There has to be a reason why he's that successful". Djokovic demanded to know if there was an "extreme wind" rule before his match with Thiem was suspended for the night.

"The fact that climate change is now part of the Global Peace Index underscores how multi-faceted this threat is and how quickly we need to act".

However, scores for political instability and likelihood of violent demonstrations deteriorated because of the ongoing worldwide boycott against the country. The largest increase in peacefulness occurred in the Russian Federation and Eurasia region, followed by the Middle East and North Africa.

Australia fell one place in the index to rank 13th due to an increase in militarisation - namely weapons imports - military expenditure and nuclear and heavy weapons, and the incarceration rate in Australia also rose.

The index is based on 23 indicators that included internal and external conflicts, military spending, terrorism, murder, and other crime rates.

"There are tentative signs of improvement in peacefulness in the Middle East but the bigger picture depends on what happens in the next few years with the potential outbreak of conflict in Iran", said Mr Killelea. "There is still a high level of conflict there but it is starting to show an improvement in peacefulness through better governance but it's too early to say if the trend will be repeated in the long-term".

The report also analyses the security risks posed by climate change.

The report has vindicated his words that Malawi is and remains a very peaceful country. The cost of violence, the Institute estimated for the year 2018 in the world to 14.1 trillion USA dollars (the equivalent of about 12.5 trillion euros). Syria suffered the worst at 67 per cent.

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