Conjoined Pakistani twins separated after 50 hours of surgery in London

Safa and Marwa Ullah after a surgery to separate their heads

Safa and Marwa Ullah after a surgery to separate their heads

British surgeons have successfully separated Pakistani twins joined at the head.

On Tuesday, July 16, a photo was released of the twins leaving the hospital earlier this month after the last successful surgery in separate strollers, smiling.

Doctors at the Great Ormond Street Hospital convert the scans into 3D images, make models of them with a 3D printer and use virtual reality to practice on them. Cutting guides were created so that surgeons could work more precisely.

The operations took more than 50 hours and involved 100 staff at the world famous London hospital.

"For the first two to three procedures we focused on separating out the brains and blood vessels", Jeelani said in the GOSH video. When Marwa's heart rate decreased, the doctors were afraid they might lose her, which made them decide to give her a key vein shared with Safa.

When Marwa's heart rate fell, doctors feared they would lose her - so they made a decision to give her a key vein she shared with her sister.

But this had an impact on Safa, who suffered a stroke less than 12 hours later due to the loss of the vein.

The team then separated the girls' brain and blood vessels before inserting a piece of plastic between the two, creating two separate kids internally. In a YouTube animation, staff explained how they then inserted tissue expanders to stretch the skin before reconstructing the top of their heads with their own bone and covering the top of their heads with expanded skin.

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The twins are undergoing daily physiotherapy as part of their ongoing rehabilitation. Their father died of a heart attack before they were born.

She continued that the family is "extremely excited about the future".

"From our personal point of view, it has been great to get to know the girls and their family". The operation, conducted in February, was the most complex such separation his team had performed to date, he said.

"Their faith and determination have been so important in getting them through the challenges they have faced".

"We are also incredibly proud of the GOSH team responsible for their treatment and care over the past 10 months".

Cecelia Carney, team leader of GOSH's neurosurgery theatre, said: "The intricacies of the series of surgical procedures were planned meticulously as a team".

According to a University of IL at Chicago and Cook County Hospital study, twins joined at the head are found in only one in every 2.5 million births and account for just 2 to 6% of all conjoined twins.

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