Internet on mobile services restored in Sudan

Civilians walk past graffiti reading in Arabic

Civilians walk past graffiti reading in Arabic"Freedom Peace Justice and Civilian in the Burri district of Khartoum Khartoum Sudan Ju

The service was blocked in Sudan since June 3 following the incidents of dispersing protesters in the sit-in area outside the army headquarters in Khartoum.

The internet shutdown is seen as part of a larger effort to stifle free expression and association of the population and curtail the ongoing protests after security forces killed scores of protesters opposed to a deadlock on the military's control of the turbulent country.

Protesters and rights group say the internet blockade was an attempt to quell protests against the generals, who had seized power after the army ousted veteran president Omar al-Bashir in April following nationwide protests against his rule.

The agreement between the two sides is expected to be formally signed in the next few days. Authorities offered a lower death toll of 61, including three security forces. It demanded telecommunication companies compensate users.

Some internet users in Sudan were back online on Tuesday after a court ordered telecoms companies to end a weeks-long blackout ordered by the authorities to contain political protests.

Khartoum's District Court handed down a verdict ordering internet providers Sudatel and MTN to temporarily re-operate the service for their subscribers until a case filed by the Sudanese Consumers Protection Society is settled. "We saw the horrific scenes, and I closed down the internet and couldn't open it again", said Malaz Hassan, student.

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The internet service was restored to smart phones, while the ADSL service is awaiting return.

Days later internet on mobile phones and fixed land connections was cut across Sudan, with users saying it was done to prevent further mobilisation of protesters.

Speaking at the UN Human Right Council on Tuesday, Gilmour said he hoped that the new agreement "creates new momentum for the protection of human rights in Sudan and that in the coming weeks we will be able to travel to Sudan to continue discussions on the opening of a fully mandated office".

Days later internet on fixed land connections was restored, but the mobile 3G and 4G services remained cut.

NetBlocks estimated that the disruption had been costing Sudan more than $10 million a day.

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