Protests erupt as Boris Johnson suspends Parliament

People walk past markings by protestors on the pavement opposite the Houses of Parliament in London Monday Sept. 9 2019. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson voiced optimism Monday that a new Brexit deal can be reached so Britain leaves the European Un

People walk past markings by protestors on the pavement opposite the Houses of Parliament in London Monday Sept. 9 2019. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson voiced optimism Monday that a new Brexit deal can be reached so Britain leaves the European Un

A divided Parliament-the Conservative majority Theresa May called an election to shore up, instead disappeared under a Labour wave in 2017, and a by-election, a resignation, and now a purge have taken Johnson's majority into negative numbers-has still, nearly because Brexit cuts across parties, been able to stand up to a prime minister more interested in his own power than democratic process.

The suspension came after lawmakers inflicted a series of defeats on Johnson's Brexit plans.

Cummings, the puppet master of Brexit who is cast by enemies variously as an anarchist, Britain's Rasputin or a political vandal, was serene on Tuesday at the center of the Brexit maelstrom. "I will not ask for another delay", he told MPs. According to Dominic Lawson, a renowned columnist for The Times of London, Johnson's unwavering determination to make Brexit happen on October 31 has "energized" Britain's civil service and "despite the strains it imposes, represented a blessed relief after the opaqueness and immobilism of his predecessor (former PM Theresa May)".

If there is a grand strategy, Johnson's next move will shape the future of the world's fifth-largest economy for generations; at stake is the fate of the Brexit endeavor, which both sides cast as the United Kingdom's most significant decision since World War Two.

This means his successor would be selected by the current parliament which does not have a majority to back Johnson's Brexit plans.

Johnson wants to scrap the so-called "backstop" plan, which would keep Britain aligned to European Union trade rules long after Brexit, to avoid any checks at the frontier.

In addition, there is unlikely to be much time to pass the deal.

"Boris says "I've got lots and lots of ideas", but he won't tell anyone what they are", said Al Jazeera's Laurence Lee, reporting from London. "He'll pivot to trying to get a deal".

Johnson says he is working to revise the deal agreed by his predecessor, Theresa May, which MPs rejected - but insists Brexit must happen next month no matter what.

But MPs refused, for the second time, Johnson's call for a general election, meaning the prime minister lost all six votes in the parliament since MPs returned from their summer break last week.

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson sits in the back of a car as he leaves parliament in London Monday Sept. 9 2019. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson voiced optimism Monday that a new Brexit deal can be reached so Britain leaves the European Uni

His government has indicated it will look for loopholes in the MPs' legislation in order to allow a "no-deal" exit, although it insists it always upholds the law.

After expelling 21 of his Conservative MPs who rebelled over the Brexit law last week, Mr Johnson no longer has a majority in the 650-seat House of Commons. Even if there is little chance the European Union will agree to any new deal offer, such a rebalance is necessary to win back those defected Tories and prevent more of them from defecting. "We've put in place all of the countermeasures that we think might be necessary depending on what tricks and subterfuge that Boris Johnson may still have to hand or seek to deploy".

Cummings, who alongside fellow campaigner Matthew Elliott, drove Vote Leave to victory in the 2016 referendum is cast by allies as a ruthless strategist who cares little for the conventions of traditional British politics.

He provoked a row inside Westminster when he sacked a 27-year-old adviser to finance minister Sajid Javid. The adviser, Sonia Khan, was escorted by armed police from Downing Street without Javid's knowledge.

Legislators also demanded the government release, by Wednesday, emails and text messages among aides and officials relating to suspending Parliament and planning for Brexit amid allegations that the suspension is being used to circumvent democracy. He said the government would respect the law but that interpretations of the law can sometimes be complex.

"At this point, our view is that resignation is the most likely", US investment bank JPMorgan said.

VETO THE EXTENSION Any EU decision to grant a Brexit extension would require agreement from all members.

Britain's Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaks after Britain's parliament voted on whether to hold an early general election, in Parliament in London, Britain, September 10, 2019, in this still image taken from Parliament TV footage. His options - all of them extreme - include disobeying the law, which could land him in court or even prison, and resigning so that someone else would have to ask for a delay.

"The question is: what has Cummings got up his sleeve?" said a former Conservative adviser.

There are limits to the lessons Americans can take from the U.K.in this moment; we cannot magically create a parliamentary system (or an opposition party with a spine), not to mention a ticking time bomb of a deadline that scares everyone into action.

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