Trump administration can begin enforcing new asylum restrictions, Supreme Court rules

Trump's starting to win big on controlling the southern border

Trump's starting to win big on controlling the southern border

The US Supreme Court has given the go-ahead to Trump administration plans that severely limit the ability of migrants to claim asylum. People crossing the southern border won't be able to seek asylum unless they previously applied for protection from one of the countries they passed through.

On Thursday, López Obrador said that he spoke by phone with President Donald Trump a day prior, noting the us president recognized Mexico's efforts and that relations between the two countries were very good.

The justices said the administration can apply the policy while a legal challenge goes forward.

That very same day, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals issued an order staying Tigar's ruling, but this time without indicating, as it did August 16, that the injunction could remain in effect within the territorial boundaries of the 9th Circuit.

A reminder of President Trump's success in staffing the federal judiciary came September 11 when the U.S. Senate confirmed his 150th judicial nominee, marking what Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham, a South Carolina Republican and Trump ally, described as a "historic milestone".

The likelihood of a further tightening of the United States government's stranglehold on asylum seekers at the U.S. border comes as the number of Central Americans crossing into the country has already steadily declined in recent months.

On Monday, the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals had handed the White House a partial victory in the case by ending the nationwide injunction against the asylum policy but keeping it alive within the territorial boundaries of the circuit: California, Arizona, Alaska, Hawaii, Montana, Nevada, Idaho, Guam, Oregon and Washington.

Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Sonia Sotomayor dissented, writing that court's decision disregards "longstanding practices regarding refugees who seek shelter from persecution".

A Honduran migrant prepares tortillas and rice at the Pan de Vida shelter for migrants where she and her two daughters are living while waiting their
A Honduran migrant prepares tortillas and rice at the Pan de Vida shelter for migrants where she and her two daughters are living while waiting their

But Mexico has resisted US pressure to sign a formal "safe third country" agreement that would commit it to hearing the asylum cases of migrants from Central American and elsewhere, a move that would take even more pressure off the USA border.

That meant the administration of President Donald Trump could enforce the rule in the states of New Mexico and Texas. But here the administration seeks to reduce public access to monitor how is handles asylum petitions from people who, for the most part, don't have a lawyer or a functional understanding of USA immigration law. Tigar wrote in the decision that he was reviving the nationwide injunction because nonprofits like one of the plaintiffs in the case can not predict where asylum seekers will make their claims. The 9th Circuit narrowed his order Tuesday with the Supreme Court decision following on Wednesday. "(Neither court has resolved that request, though the Ninth Circuit granted an administrative stay to allow further deliberation.) This court has not considered the new evidence, nor does it pause for the lower courts to resolve the government's pending motions".

It also accepted the expansion of the "Remain in Mexico" policy, formally known as Migrant Protection Protocols, under which the US has sent thousands of asylum applicants back across the border to wait in Mexico.

Asylum seekers must pass an initial screening called a "credible fear" interview, a hurdle that a vast majority clear. They would be placed in fast-track deportation proceedings and flown to their home countries at USA expense.

Opponents argue the policy violates global law by forcing people fleeing for their lives to seek refuge in countries where they may also be in danger.

In December, a divided Supreme Court refused to let Trump start automatically rejecting all asylum claims by people who cross the southern border illegally.

"The lives of thousands of families are at stake", Gelernt said in a statement.

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