3 win Nobel Prize in Physics for discoveries in cosmology

Jonathan Nackstrand  AFP via Getty Images

Jonathan Nackstrand AFP via Getty Images

He discovered key aspects of how cells sense and adapt to changing oxygen levels through his studies of a protein that is impaired in the hereditary cancer, von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said the scientists' research had "transformed our ideas about the cosmos".

Last year's Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to James Allison and Tusuki Honjo for their work on immunotherapy, a method of harnessing the body's immune system to fight cancer.

His work was transformative in shifting the understanding of the hot expanding universe from qualitative to precise, in revealing the existence of dark matter, and for pointing out the puzzles that remain, said Paul Steinhardt, a professor of physics at Princeton.

Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza will equally share the 9 million kronor ($918,000) cash award.

The "love of science" should be the driving force for young researchers going into science, not the search for awards, said Canadian-born United States researcher Peebles of Princeton University.

He received his PhD in physics from Princeton in 1962 and has taught at the university since, first as an instructor and researcher in the early 1960s and then as an assistant professor in 1965.

"Here I am as a cancer biologist helping to contribute to a new drug for hematological condition, namely anemia", he said, adding he hoped to use his voice to advocate for sufficient funding for such science.

Last year, the honour went to immunologists James Allison of the U.S. and Tasuku Honjo of Japan, for figuring out how to release the immune system's brakes to allow it to attack cancer cells more efficiently.

From Oprah to Jennifer Aniston: Ellen DeGeneres' Celeb Circle of Friends
Matthew added he would love to be asked by the producers to go on Ellen's show and meet her but hadn't yet been asked. She used the example of befriending people who wear fur, even though she doesn't believe in wearing it.

It was October 6, 1995 when Queloz and Mayor first announced the discovery of a planet orbiting a star other than our own, revolving around a star 42 light years away from Earth.

That was "the first step in our search for, 'Are we alone?'" said astronomer Lisa Kaltenegger, director of the Carl Sagan Institute at Cornell University.

More than 4,000 exoplanets have since been found in the Milky Way, and scientists think one out of every four or five stars have planets.

Queloz was meeting with other academics interested in finding new planets when the press office at Cambridge University interrupted to tell him the big news: He had won the Nobel. Peebles demurred, replying instead: "It's a life's work".

"The awards and prizes, well, they are charming and very much appreciated, but.you should enter science because you are fascinated by it".

The rest of the week will see Nobel prizes awarded in the fields of physics, chemistry, and literature, as well as the Peace prize for bettering foreign relations.

This was the 113th Nobel Prize in Physics awarded since 1901, of which 47 awards have been given to a single laureate.

Past physics prize laureates include Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr and James Chadwick, the discoverer of the neutron.

The Nobel Prize in psychics, chemistry, literature, and peace, and the prize in economic sciences, will follow over the next seven days.

Recommended News

  • Samsung predicts profit decline as chip market swoons

    Samsung predicts profit decline as chip market swoons

    Just looking at the numbers also wouldn't tell you that Samsung is slumping in the same ways that its competitors are slumping. On-year, operating profits were down 56 percent, while sales were down five percentmainly on lower memory chip prices.
    Pakistan recall Ahmed Shehzad, Umar Akmal for Sri Lanka T20Is

    Pakistan recall Ahmed Shehzad, Umar Akmal for Sri Lanka T20Is

    Mumbai: After Pakistan won the third One Day International (ODI) against Sri Lanka , the team clinched the series 2-0. Earlier, recharged opener Danushka Gunathilaka scored a career best century to lift Sri Lanka to a challenging 297-9.
    Instagram update brings dark mode in iOS 13

    Instagram update brings dark mode in iOS 13

    Many other companies made a decision to go with a true dark theme, which may be a better choice for saving extra battery life. The setting is an extension of iOS' system-wide dark mode, and Instagram has basically revamped its UI to match the theme.
  • UK debt to increase to record level if no-deal Brexit

    UK debt to increase to record level if no-deal Brexit

    Calling off Brexitwould boost private consumption, which accounts for two thirds of the United Kingdom economy. At stake is the future of Europe and the United Kingdom as well as the security and interests of our people.
    The massive Euromillions jackpot of €190 million MUST be won tonight

    The massive Euromillions jackpot of €190 million MUST be won tonight

    The current record holders for the biggest ever lottery win are Colin and Chris Weir, from Scotland, who won £161 million in 2011. This makes the lucky victor one of the biggest EuroMillions winners of all time.

    Brexit deal is "essentially impossible" ever, says Downing Street source

    The pound tumbled to the weakest level in a month versus the euro after the official briefed on the contents of the call. A spokesman for the German chancellor confirmed the call had taken place but declined to comment further.
  • UN may run out of money by end of October: Guterres

    UN may run out of money by end of October: Guterres

    The UN says its peacekeeping operations cost less than one-half of one percent of world military expenditures. USA taxpayers would most likely be hardest hit by any immediate cash injection into the global organization.
    Intel drops the price of its 9th-gen F and KF processors

    Intel drops the price of its 9th-gen F and KF processors

    New pricing was also announced for those processors as well as Core S-series processors without integrated graphics. Deep Learning Boost, on the other hand, allows the new processors to handle 16.1 times more images per second.
    Chinese tech companies oppose US blacklisting

    Chinese tech companies oppose US blacklisting

    US futures fell after China said it strongly opposed the American decision to blacklist some of its technology firms. This means US companies will require approval to do any kind of business with the 28 entities .
  • Mexico border apprehensions fall again in September but remain high

    Mexico border apprehensions fall again in September but remain high

    Trump threatened with tariffs earlier in the summer unless it did more to curb migration flows within its territory. There are reports that they have even been attacked by other potential asylum-seekers as they wait in Mexico.
    Waldgeist stuns history-chasing Enable to win Arc

    Waldgeist stuns history-chasing Enable to win Arc

    RaceBets, Betfair and Coral all cut Harrington's charge to 14-1 from 25-1 for next year's 1,000 Guineas. Just stamina gave out with her over that trip in the intensity and pace of the race.
    Tether and Bitfinex decry expected

    Tether and Bitfinex decry expected "meritless and mercenary" cryptocurrency market manipulation lawsuit

    The lawsuit didn't take Bitfinex and Tether by surprise, as both companies have issued statements a few days ago. They're are represented by law firm Roche Freedman , known for their work in the Craig Wright case .

We are pleased to provide this opportunity to share information, experiences and observations about what's in the news.
Some of the comments may be reprinted elsewhere in the site or in the newspaper.
Thank you for taking the time to offer your thoughts.