World powers in Berlin to seek peace for Libya

Libya summit to call for sanctions if ceasefire violated, draft agreement says

Libya summit to call for sanctions if ceasefire violated, draft agreement says

The summit's main goal is to get foreign powers wielding influence in the region to stop interfering in the war - be it through weapons, troops or financing.

On Sunday, global powers including the United States, United Kingdom, European Union, Russia and Turkey converged in Berlin to bring about a reprieve in fighting on all sides.

Since the ouster of late leader Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, two seats of power have emerged in Libya: Haftar's in eastern Libya supported mainly by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, and another in Tripoli, which enjoys UN and worldwide recognition.

Unofficial diplomatic reports from Russian Federation said Haftar had refused to sign the Berlin agreement, and for parts of the summit had turned off his phone, before leaving early.

"All participants committed to refrain from interference in the armed conflict or internal affairs of Libya".

The closures will cut Libya's oil output to 72,000 barrels a day from 1.2 million bpd in just a few days' time unless the blockages are lifted, the NOC said.

Haftar quit a Turkish-Russian summit a week ago and escalated the conflict on Friday when eastern oil ports were shut down.

The first direct test of any Berlin accord would be whether Haftar's forces abided by the ceasefire, and sent delegates both to a United Nations ceasefire committee and political talks in Geneva aimed at setting up the unified government.

World leaders agreed on a final joint statement the Libya conference in Berlin, German chancellor Angela Merkel announced during a press conference on Sunday, adding that all participants pledge to uphold weapons embargo in country's war and agree on a political solution to the conflict.

Turkey has an offer from Somalia, which says that Ankara can conduct oil exploration the way it has agreed to do with Libya in the eastern Mediterranean, Erdogan said.

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Boris Johnson today urged Russian Federation and Turkey to use a crunch summit to stop the "proxy war" in Libya.

Haftar must end his aggressive stance to pave the way for a political process in the North African country, Erdogan said on Sunday at the summit.

"If the ceasefire that we called for together with [Russian President Vladimir] Putin is held, political process will be opened", Erdogan told journalists.

Libyan protesters shout slogans during a demonstration against the Turkish parliament's decision to send Turkish forces to Libya, in Benghazi, Libya, January 3, 2020.

Meanwhile, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said on Monday that the next conference on the Libyan crisis settlement is scheduled for early February and will take place on the level of foreign ministers. With different countries backing different sides in Libya, there has been growing concern that Libya will become another Syria.

Libya has had no stable central authority since dictator Moamar Gaddafi was overthrown by NATO-backed rebels in 2011.

For Turkey, the fall of Sarraj's GNA could jeopardise a maritime boundary agreement the parties signed.

There are fears Sunday's agreement could prove toothless - states in violation of the existing embargo are going unpunished, and permanent UN Security Council members such as Russian Federation and France continue to show political sympathies towards Haftar.

In addition to a ceasefire, the German government hopes to broker a commitment from conference attendees to honor a United Nations embargo against sending arms to Libya as well as to reduce further outside interference.

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