Obesity Linked to 12 Types of Cancer in New Report

WRCF recommends that people should reduce food and beverage consumption to cut their cancer risks. For cancer prevention, the WCRF also said to avoid alcohol completely.

The report also advises satisfying nutritional needs through diet alone, instead of counting on supplements.

Reversing a historic trend, rates of lung cancer among younger white and Hispanic women have surpassed those of men - and the change can not be fully explained by gender differences in smoking behavior, researchers said Wednesday.

The WCRF estimates that around one in six deaths each year, worldwide, are now caused by cancer.

The report states: "Avoiding tobacco in any form, together with appropriate diet, nutrition and physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight, have the potential over time to reduce much of the global burden of cancer". The team then analysed this to determine BMI, weight change over a 6-year period, and the subsequent risk of obesity-related cancers defined as cancer of the breast (postmenopausal), colon-rectum, endometrium, ovary, pancreas, kidney, gallbladder, gastric cardia, liver, oesophagus (adenocarcinoma), meningioma, thyroid, and multiple myeloma. The guidelines are based on a study of more than 50 million people, which the WCRF says is the largest cancer study ever conducted. Other reports look at bariatric surgery benefits and cancers linked to obesity.

New guidance states that we should eat "little, if any, processed meat", and that we should limit alcohol consumption.

Even small amounts of processed meats such as bacon and sausages increase the risk of developing a number of different cancers, say the World Cancer Research Fund. However, a healthy diet rich in wholegrains, fruit, vegetables and pulses, and low in red and processed meat, reduces the risk.

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"Rather, different patterns of diet and physical activity throughout life combine to make you more or less susceptible to cancer".

"Living a healthy lifestyle in this day and age isn't always easy-it's often difficult, or hard to find time and this is one reason why we want governments to take action and create environments where it's easier for people to follow our recommendations and be healthy".

Dr Giota Mitrou, of the World Cancer Research Fund, said there is "very strong evidence for a package of lifestyle behaviours as a blueprint for cancer prevention".

The study, which tracked more than 137,000 Norwegian women for 18 years, found that the odds of developing certain cancers rose as waistlines expanded.

The aim of the report is not to worry people, she said.

'There is no level of consumption below which there is no increase in the risk of at least some cancers, ' the authors said. "Building small changes into your daily life, like choosing sugar-free drinks or walking more, can add up to a big difference for your health".

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