‘46 people dying of heart diseases in Pakistan every hour’

‘46 people dying of heart diseases in Pakistan every hour’

‘46 people dying of heart diseases in Pakistan every hour’

Almost 19% of all CVD deaths are caused by outdoor and household air pollution. In 2016, CVDs were responsible for 28.1 per cent of total deaths in the country compared to 15.1 per cent in 1990. "This trend is very worrying because there are more people showing symptoms or suffering from heart disease at a young age". When the level is uncontrolled, it may lead to multiple complications such as cholesterol, damaging the blood vessels of lungs, heart and kidney, et al, and chances of leading to coronary artery disease is high.

Interestingly, while the incidence of heart disease in India has increased significantly, there is a decline in heart disease among Indians internationally, indicating that it is not all genetics. Genetics could also be playing a role in increasing risk of developing heart disease when some "risk associated genes" are present with other environmental factors. According to him, these habits are also a major cause of hypertension, diabetes and obesity, which are the major risk factors behind cardiovascular diseases in Pakistan. There are also a number of underlying determinants of CVD or "the causes of the causes". Other common non-modifiable risk factors include age. By handling one disease, we can manage the others. But once past the menopause, a woman's risk is similar to a man's.

Dr. Keshavamurthy: Modifiable risk factors include: Physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, high blood pressure, tobacco use, high cholesterol and being overweight.

Blood Pressure: High blood pressure is one of the main risk factors for CVD.

Take steps today to improve your heart health.

Aldi sales exceed £10bn for first time in United Kingdom and Ireland
It now accounts for 7.6% of all United Kingdom grocery store spending, according to Kantar Worldpanel data. Aldi now operates 775 stores and plans to open 130 more between 2019 and 2020, creating 5,000 jobs.

Stressing on early intervention, Senior Consultant Cardiologist and Surgeon Dr Yadav Kumar Deo Bhatta said, "The only way to cure oneself from any disease is to know about it early and to start treatment quickly". Kazmi said in accordance with the global standards Pakistanis have emerged as among the "laziest" people in the world who hardly undertake any physical activity.

Engage in hobbies and activities- one of the easiest things to do is to sit around all day but it's also one of the most unsafe things to do. The technical definition of physical activity is 'any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles, which results in energy consumption beyond resting expenditure or anything that moves the body and burns calories.

Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity 5 times a week or at least 75 minutes spread throughout the week. If you suspect a family member is having a heart attack or stroke, seek medical help immediately.

More recently, a September 2018 IIT Madras study, in the Journal of Biological Chemistry outlines an analysis of genomic DNA samples from over 750 individuals from the Indian population - it outlines that 35 to 40 per cent Indians carry a set of genetic variations that puts them at higher risk of heart disease. They argued that exercise interventions should therefore be considered as a viable alternative alongside, drug therapy, and that an "exercise pill" is an essential preventive strategy to reduce morbidity and mortality. Exposure to passive smoking is also a cause of heart disease in non-smokers. However, why people are reluctant to exercise is hard to comprehend. On this, Edward Stanley, the Earl of Derby, got it right when in an address he gave at Liverpool College in 1873 said, "Those who think they not have time for bodily exercise will sooner or later have to find time for illness".

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