'Completely avoidable' measles outbreak hits 25-year high in US

Creative- Getty Images

Creative- Getty Images

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said that as of April 29, 704 measles cases have been confirmed in 22 U.S. states since the start of the year. The majority of these cases occurred in children under the age of 18 who had not been vaccinated.

But some people should consider getting re-vaccinated, even if they'e gotten some form of the vaccine, he says. Though New Jersey hasn't been hit almost as hard as New York City and Rockland County, New York, where hundreds have been infected, experts remain concerned if we fail to limit the disease's spread. Most of the recently recorded cases have been in NY and Los Angeles, officials said on Monday.

In another ongoing outbreak, Brooklyn and Queens have seen 390 cases of measles since October.

A sign warns people of measles in the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community in Williamsburg, Brookly, New York, on April 19, 2019.

Older adults may be even less protected.

A vocal segment of United States parents among the so-called anti-vaxxers refuse to vaccinate their children, believing against scientific evidence that ingredients in the measles-mumps-rubella vaccines can cause autism or other disorders. It can also cause permanent hearing loss or intellectual disabilities.

Children born after 1989 likely received two doses of the vaccine, as recommended by the CDC. None of the victims of the recent outbreak have died, but 3 per cent have contracted pneumonia and 9 per cent have been hospitalized due to complications from the disease, CDC director Robert Redfield said on Monday. As of 26 February 2019, "over 12,700 measles cases [were] officially reported by DOH [Department of Health] with 203 deaths from 1 January to 23 February 2019".

Measles is an airborne virus that is spread through breathing, speaking, coughing or other forms of close personal contact.

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The agency says more than 100 people have already been tested for HIV, hepatitis B and C. That plasma typically comes from your own blood.

The department is now trying to identify and notify people who may have been exposed to the infected person.

The 15-minute, $49 test reveals if you have enough antibodies to fight measles. Unlike the flu vaccine, which sometimes runs out during peak season, there's no shortage of MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) availability. The MMR vaccine protects against measles as well as mumps and rubella, also known as German measles.

Meanwhile, there is a new wave of efforts in state legislatures to end philosophical and religious exemptions to vaccination requirements in schools.

As measles spreads fast, diagnosis becomes more essential. Yet experts emphasize that vaccines are safe and the best tool available to prevent measles. "The lead author lost his license". "This recommendation is meant to protect those who may have received killed measles vaccine, which was available in 1963-1967 and was not effective", they advise.

The use of quarantines and other orders are driven in part by a growing concern that outbreaks of measles and other diseases could get worse, despite the availability of effective vaccines, some health experts said. "Today, the overwhelming majority of parents choose to protect their children with vaccines, and we've seen high and stable immunization rates in the USA for several years", the statement read.

The CDC says one dose of the MMR vaccine is 93 percent effective against measles, while two doses are 97 percent effective.

Health officials are also recommend infants 6 through 11 months receive one dose of the vaccine before global travel.

Anyone who does not know their vaccine status should speak to their health care provider.

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