Cancer leading cause of middle-aged death in rich countries

Cancer leading cause of middle-aged death in rich countries

Cancer leading cause of middle-aged death in rich countries

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death among middle-aged adults around the world; however, in high-income countries deaths from cancer have become twice as frequent as those from CVD.

"The fact that cancer deaths are now twice as frequent as CVD deaths in HIC indicates a transition in the predominant causes of death in middle age", he said.

Cancer could soon be the No. 1 cause of death globally, researchers noted.

Metabolic risk factors - high cholesterol, obesity or diabetes - caused more than 40 percent of all heart disease, and were by far the biggest determinant of disease in richer nations.

The way dementia is - or isn't - recorded on death certificates around the world may mean other countries have unrealistically low rates of the brain condition.

The information came from an analysis effort referred to as the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology, or PURE, research and dated from 2005 to 2016.

During the study, 0.6 per cent of deaths in high-income countries were caused by heart disease, while 1.6 per cent were caused by cancer.

Researchers also found that with higher country income, a higher proportion of deaths and hospitalisations were from non-communicable diseases compared to infectious diseases.

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The findings come from the first large prospective worldwide study documenting the frequency of common diseases and death rates in high-, middle- and low-income countries using a standardized approach.

In poorer nations, the reverse is true - with cardiovascular disease three times more likely to claim the lives.

There is an inverse association between use of hospital care and effective medication versus deaths, suggesting that lower quality health care may be responsible, at least in part, for the higher mortality in poorer countries.

Cancer deaths versus cardiovascular disease deaths.

"As cardiovascular disease declines in many countries, cancer mortality is likely to become the leading cause of death in the future", he added. Gilles Dagenais, lead author on the study, and a professor at Quebec's Laval University in Canada, explained that higher rates of death from heart disease in lower income countries could be the result of poor quality health care or less access to treatment. (There was no accurate estimated income for Palestine, another country that was included, researchers noted). They found that cardiovascular-related deaths were 2.5 times more common in middle-aged adults in poorer nations compared with richer countries, despite the former experiencing a substantially lower burden of cardiovascular risk factors compared with the latter.

The high-income countries in the study were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Sweden and United Arab Emirates.

In high-income worldwide locations, frequent remedy with cholesterol-lowering statins and blood-pressure medicines have helped carry charges of coronary heart illness down dramatically up to now few many years.

Dr. Philip Joseph, Associate Professor of Medicine at McMaster University and the co-lead of the paper concluded: "Efforts to tackle CVD through focusing on a small number of behavioural risk factors, such as reducing smoking, are important, but these efforts should expand to better Blood Pressure control and better use of secondary prevention, with simple and effective low-priced medications".

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