Vegans and vegetarians may have higher stroke risk

Vegans have a higher risk of stroke lower risk of heart disease study

Vegans have a higher risk of stroke lower risk of heart disease study

Vegans and vegetarians may have a lower risk of heart disease, but a higher risk of stroke than meat-eaters, according to a new study.

Meanwhile, people who ate fish but no other meats (pescatarians) had a 13 percent lower risk of heart disease, with no increased stroke risk.

It turns out like with each and every passing day increasingly more persons are deciding to transform to a strictly vegan or vegetarian vitamin-however a brand new learn about just lately exposed some tense findings that might make consuming meat no longer appear so unhealthy finally. The exact reasons for the higher risk are not clear.

The researchers noted there are 1.7 million vegans and vegetarians living in the United Kingdom and non-meat diets are becoming increasingly popular in part due to the perceived health benefits and concerns about the environment and animal welfare. A recent flurry of studies, for example, found heart-health benefits associated with plant-based diets-and health risks associated with those heavy in meat.

"It does seem that the lower risk of coronary heart diseases does exceed the higher risk of stroke, if we look at the absolute numbers", said lead researcher Tammy Tong, a nutritional epidemiologist at the Nuffield Department of Population Health at the University of Oxford.

Alternatively, the association might be down to vegetarians having lower levels of certain nutrients, such as vitamin B12.

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Over the almost two decades of follow-up, about 2,800 people developed heart disease and about 1,100 had a stroke. It's because of fish-eaters' levels of cholesterol, which aren't as little as vegetarians.

"It was likely that the lower risk in both pescatarians and vegetarians are related to the fact that they have lower cholesterol, but also a lower BMI, lower blood pressure and also a lower rate of diabetes", she said.

Professor Mark Lawrence at Deakin University, Australia, suggested that the study's stroke risk should be kept in perspective. "Participants were all from the United Kingdom where dietary patterns and other lifestyle behaviours are likely very different from those prevalent in low and middle-income countries where most of the world's vegetarians live".

"Whether you're a committed carnivore, a veggie, or a vegan, one way to reduce your risk of heart and circulatory diseases is to ensure you're eating a balanced diet, packed with plenty of fruit and vegetables, wholegrains, beans, lentils, nuts and seeds".

But Dr Phillips says vegan and vegetarian diets will have changed. They also recognise plant based diets for their environmental sustainability as well as health benefits, he adds.

"It may well be that people who follow alternative diets are less likely to take blood pressure lowering medication for hypertension and as a effect suffer a stroke", suggested Prof Tom Sanders from King's College London.

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