New Images Of Jupiter's Stormy Atmosphere Were Revealed

"Among a lucky set of 38 exposures taken at each point, the research team selected the sharpest 10%, combining them to image a ninth of Jupiter's disc", said the observatory in a Press release.

Sferics is the abbreviation for atmosphere, while the whistles are named after the hissing tone they made.

Hubble and Gemini provide high-resolution observations at a distance, which can be used to interpret Juno's close-up views of Jupiter. "The data from Hubble and Gemini can tell us how thick the clouds are and how deep we are seeing into the clouds", Simon explained. His goal, for now, is to understand the physics and chemistry of the roiling, changeable atmosphere of our solar system's largest planet, where thunderheads are five times taller than those on Earth, and storm systems themselves can exceed the size of our planet.

Wong thinks that lightning - which on Jupiter can be three times more energetic than the largest "superbolts" on Earth - is common in turbulent areas that are known as folded filamentary regions, their name suggesting that moist convection is occurring in them.

"Juno's microwave radiometer investigates deep into the planet's atmosphere by detecting high frequency radio waves that can penetrate through the thick layers of clouds". It has something to do with the Sun's way of warming Jupiter, which is different from the way it warms Earth, with Jupiter being much further away from the Sun. The photographs, when seen together with the Hubble and Juno observations, disclosed that that lightning strikes and largest storm techniques are created "in and round giant convective cells" over clouds of ice and water.

This graphic shows observations of cloud structures and atmospheric circulation on Jupiter. Understanding about the planet's atmosphere and water content can reveal how the planet was formed.

"We want to know how Jupiter's atmosphere works", said Wong. The image is oriented so Jupiter's poles (not visible) run left-to-right of frame.

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"This is our equivalent of a weather satellite", said Simon.

This observation teamwork was also used to analyze Jupiter's most well-known storm: the Great Red Spot, an ongoing storm. But researchers weren't sure if the features were caused by actual dark material in the clouds or holes in the clouds showing layers below.

The image shows the uneven heat distribution beneath the atmospheric layers of the planet.

The clouds of Jupiter aren't ordinary clouds either. "You see bright infrared light coming from cloud-free areas, but where there are clouds, it's really dark in the infrared".

To give some sense of the vast scale of cyclones arranged in a hexagonal pattern at Jupiter's south pole, an outline of the continental United States is superimposed over the central cyclone and an outline of Texas is superimposed over the newest cyclone.

With Hubble and Gemini observing Jupiter more frequently during the Juno mission, scientists are also able to study short-term changes and short-lived features like those in the Great Red Spot. The composite image was taken using a technique called "lucky imaging". It comes to images, the most accurate ever taken of this gaseous planet from the Earth.

Michael Wong of UC Berkeley, who drove the exploration group, stated: "These pictures rival the view from space".

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